Sunday, 29 September 2013

Continuity Editing

Continuity Editing (from this useful website)

      goal is to create a smooth flow from shot to shot

      invisible” = does not call attention to itself or remind viewer they are watching a movie

      Assumption: viewers are constructing a “mental map” (cognitive map) based on the info they see and hear.

   both onscreen and offscreen

      Continuity editing helps viewers to construct and maintain this mental map.

Common Continuity Editing Shots

      establishing shot = usually a distance-framed shot that establishes the spatial relations among important figures, objects, and setting in a scene

      cut-in = instant shift from distant framing to a closer view of some portion of the same space

      shot/reverse shot = two or more shots edited together that alternate characters, typically in a conversation

 Common Continuity Editing Shots

      eyeline match = a cut where the first shot of someone looking at something is followed by a second shot of what they are presumed to see

      action match = a cut where action taking place in the first shot continues in the same direction in the next shot (action seems uninterrupted)

      reestablishing shot = return to view of an entire space after a series of closer shots following the establishing shot 

Crosscutting

      crosscutting = “editing that alternates shots of two or more lines of action occurring in different places, usually simultaneously”

      gives viewer unrestricted knowledge of causal, temporal, and spatial information

      binds varied spatial action together through implication of temporal simultaneity

   unrestricted knowledge is when viewers know more than characters do

   restricted knowledge is when viewers only know what characters do, and often less.


TASK 1:
Watch this sequence from Hitchcock's The Birds. It's an excellent example of continuity editing.



After watching it, try and work out:
- How many shots are there?
- Where was the camera positioned for each shot?
- Which principles of continuity editing have been followed?

Then you're ready to write an analysis of shots and techniques used in this sequence to demonstate your understanding of them. You can use the following questions for guidance:
1. What principles of continuity are used here? How successfully? Refer to specific shots / screengrabs.
2. What is the effect of the editing on the viewer? What are we meant to feel at different stages? (ie before she enters the house, in the kitchen, in the corridor, in the bedroom, running away)?
3. What is the 'best bit' for you in this sequence in terms of learning new techniques and why?
Continuity editing is all about making your film work in a logical way (ordering the shots logically) so the audience can follow it easily and enjoy the story y without being confused; they are properly 'positioned'.
Can you remember all the techniques/ principles discussed in class? Can you find some examples of these techniques in other films (embed)?

EXTENSION TASK/ STRETCH YOUR LEARNING:
Find and embed a film extract that makes good use of continuity. Grab a few shots and comment on techniques used (bullet points)


video

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